Source code for django.db.models.aggregates

"""
Classes to represent the definitions of aggregate functions.
"""
from django.core.exceptions import FieldError
from django.db.models.expressions import Case, Func, Star, When
from django.db.models.fields import DecimalField, FloatField, IntegerField

__all__ = [
    'Aggregate', 'Avg', 'Count', 'Max', 'Min', 'StdDev', 'Sum', 'Variance',
]


[docs]class Aggregate(Func): contains_aggregate = True name = None filter_template = '%s FILTER (WHERE %%(filter)s)' window_compatible = True def __init__(self, *args, filter=None, **kwargs): self.filter = filter super().__init__(*args, **kwargs) def get_source_fields(self): # Don't return the filter expression since it's not a source field. return [e._output_field_or_none for e in super().get_source_expressions()] def get_source_expressions(self): source_expressions = super().get_source_expressions() if self.filter: source_expressions += [self.filter] return source_expressions def set_source_expressions(self, exprs): if self.filter: self.filter = exprs.pop() return super().set_source_expressions(exprs) def resolve_expression(self, query=None, allow_joins=True, reuse=None, summarize=False, for_save=False): # Aggregates are not allowed in UPDATE queries, so ignore for_save c = super().resolve_expression(query, allow_joins, reuse, summarize) if c.filter: c.filter = c.filter.resolve_expression(query, allow_joins, reuse, summarize) if not summarize: # Call Aggregate.get_source_expressions() to avoid # returning self.filter and including that in this loop. expressions = super(Aggregate, c).get_source_expressions() for index, expr in enumerate(expressions): if expr.contains_aggregate: before_resolved = self.get_source_expressions()[index] name = before_resolved.name if hasattr(before_resolved, 'name') else repr(before_resolved) raise FieldError("Cannot compute %s('%s'): '%s' is an aggregate" % (c.name, name, name)) return c @property def default_alias(self): expressions = self.get_source_expressions() if len(expressions) == 1 and hasattr(expressions[0], 'name'): return '%s__%s' % (expressions[0].name, self.name.lower()) raise TypeError("Complex expressions require an alias") def get_group_by_cols(self): return [] def as_sql(self, compiler, connection, **extra_context): if self.filter: if connection.features.supports_aggregate_filter_clause: filter_sql, filter_params = self.filter.as_sql(compiler, connection) template = self.filter_template % extra_context.get('template', self.template) sql, params = super().as_sql(compiler, connection, template=template, filter=filter_sql) return sql, params + filter_params else: copy = self.copy() copy.filter = None source_expressions = copy.get_source_expressions() condition = When(self.filter, then=source_expressions[0]) copy.set_source_expressions([Case(condition)] + source_expressions[1:]) return super(Aggregate, copy).as_sql(compiler, connection, **extra_context) return super().as_sql(compiler, connection, **extra_context) def _get_repr_options(self): options = super()._get_repr_options() if self.filter: options.update({'filter': self.filter}) return options
[docs]class Avg(Aggregate): function = 'AVG' name = 'Avg' def _resolve_output_field(self): source_field = self.get_source_fields()[0] if isinstance(source_field, (IntegerField, DecimalField)): return FloatField() return super()._resolve_output_field() def as_oracle(self, compiler, connection): if self.output_field.get_internal_type() == 'DurationField': expression = self.get_source_expressions()[0] from django.db.backends.oracle.functions import IntervalToSeconds, SecondsToInterval return compiler.compile( SecondsToInterval(Avg(IntervalToSeconds(expression), filter=self.filter)) ) return super().as_sql(compiler, connection)
[docs]class Count(Aggregate): function = 'COUNT' name = 'Count' template = '%(function)s(%(distinct)s%(expressions)s)' output_field = IntegerField() def __init__(self, expression, distinct=False, filter=None, **extra): if expression == '*': expression = Star() if isinstance(expression, Star) and filter is not None: raise ValueError('Star cannot be used with filter. Please specify a field.') super().__init__( expression, distinct='DISTINCT ' if distinct else '', filter=filter, **extra ) def _get_repr_options(self): return {**super()._get_repr_options(), 'distinct': self.extra['distinct'] != ''} def convert_value(self, value, expression, connection): return 0 if value is None else value
[docs]class Max(Aggregate): function = 'MAX' name = 'Max'
[docs]class Min(Aggregate): function = 'MIN' name = 'Min'
[docs]class StdDev(Aggregate): name = 'StdDev' output_field = FloatField() def __init__(self, expression, sample=False, **extra): self.function = 'STDDEV_SAMP' if sample else 'STDDEV_POP' super().__init__(expression, **extra) def _get_repr_options(self): return {**super()._get_repr_options(), 'sample': self.function == 'STDDEV_SAMP'}
[docs]class Sum(Aggregate): function = 'SUM' name = 'Sum' def as_oracle(self, compiler, connection): if self.output_field.get_internal_type() == 'DurationField': expression = self.get_source_expressions()[0] from django.db.backends.oracle.functions import IntervalToSeconds, SecondsToInterval return compiler.compile( SecondsToInterval(Sum(IntervalToSeconds(expression))) ) return super().as_sql(compiler, connection)
[docs]class Variance(Aggregate): name = 'Variance' output_field = FloatField() def __init__(self, expression, sample=False, **extra): self.function = 'VAR_SAMP' if sample else 'VAR_POP' super().__init__(expression, **extra) def _get_repr_options(self): return {**super()._get_repr_options(), 'sample': self.function == 'VAR_SAMP'}